Self-understanding: An analytic End-result of Self-absorption

Saeed Shoja Shafti


Freud made many significant and important contributions to the understanding of the functioning of the human mind, but among the most enduring and influential is the concept of the dynamic unconscious. Despite controversies regarding the theoretical underpinnings of the unconscious, the substantial discovery of a level of unconscious functioning of the mind has remained as valid and unscathed as ever. While insight, as a main therapeutic goal, is similar to a passage between conscious awareness and unconscious motivations, self-understanding in the psychiatric evaluation, refers to the patient's understanding of how he or she is feeling, presenting, and functioning as well as the potential causes of his or her psychiatric presentation. Interpretation of dreams and free association are extremely important techniques that psychoanalysts make use of in order to get to the lowermost of a patient's conflicts. But it seems that there may also be an alternate  process that can result in a similar, though restricted, result, without any analyst, coach, session, contract, therapeutic alliance and so on, in a liable person who wants to analysis his/her inner psychological events. The succeeding case is a brilliant example in this regard who acknowledged part of his unconscious sphere by his own, based on a sequential occurrence of emotional interactions.


Psychoanalysis; Unconscious; Self-understanding.

Riferimenti bibliografici

Colby, K. M. (1960). An introduction to psychoanalytic research. Basic Books.

Davidson, J. E., & Sternberg, R. J. (1984). The role of insight in intellectual giftedness. Gifted child quarterly, 28(2), 58-64.

Davis, K. (1946). Self-analysis. The american journal of sociology, 51(6), 533-540.

Falkenström, F., Grant, J., Broberg, J., & Sandell, R. (2007). Self-analysis and post-termination improvement after psychoanalysis and long-term psychotherapy. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 55(2), 629-674.

Farrell, B. A. (1981). The standing of psychoanalysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Freud, S. (1905). Jokes and their Relation to the Unconscious (tr. J. Strachey) (London).

Freud, S. (1912). Papers on technique. In: J. Strachey, et al (Eds) The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud, 24 vols. Vol. 12 (pp. 111-120). London: The Hogart Press.

Freud, S. (1933). New introductory lectures on psychoanalysis. The complete introductory lectures on psychoanalysis.

Freud, S. (1953). The Interpretation of Dreams (First Part). The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. Vol. IV.

Gay, P. (1989). Sigmund Freud: A brief life. Leonardo da Vinci and a Memory of Childhood.

Giannini, A. J., Daood, J., Giannini, M. C., Boniface, R., & Rhodes, P. G. (1978). Intellect versus intuition—a dichotomy in the reception of nonverbal communication. The Journal of General Psychology, 99(1), 19-24.

Giannini, A. J., Barringer, M. E., Giannini, M. C., & Loiselle, R. H. (1984). Lack of relationship between handedness and intuitive and intellectual (rationalistic) modes of information processing. The Journal of general psychology, 111(1), 31-37.

Greenberg, R. P. (1986). The case against Freud's cases. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 9(2), 240-241.

Grünbaum, A. (1986). Precis of the foundations of psychoanalysis: A philosophical critique. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 9(2), 217-228.

Hadamard, J. (1954). An essay on the psychology of invention in the mathematical field. Courier Corporation.

Horney, K. (2013). Self-analysis (Vol. 18). Routledge.

Lin, W. L., Hsu, K. Y., Chen, H. C., & Wang, J. W. (2012). The relations of gender and personality traits on different creativities: A dual-process theory account. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 6(2), 112.

Markov, I. S., & Berrios, G. E. (1992). The meaning of insight in clinical psychiatry. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 160(6), 850-860.

Marková, I. S., Berrios, G. E., & Hodges, J. R. (2004). Insight into memory function. Neurology Psychiatry and Brain Research, 11(3), 115-126.

Meissner, W. W. (2000). The self-as-person in psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis & Contemporary Thought.

Neubauer, P. B. (1979). The role of insight in psychoanalysis. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association.

Rapaport, D. (1960, January). On the psychoanalytic theory of motivation. In Nebraska symposium on motivation (Vol. 8, pp. 173-247). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

Rosenblatt, A. (2004). Insight, working through, and practice: The role of procedural knowledge. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 52(1), 189-207.

Sadock, B. J., Sadock, V. A., & Ruiz, P. (2015). Substance use and addictive disorders. Kaplan & Sadock’s synopsis of psychiatry. 11th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 616-93.

Shafti, S. S. (2005). Letter to the Editor: Psychoanalysis in Persia. American journal of psychotherapy, 59(4), 385-389.

Shafti, S. S. (2016a). Practicing Psychoanalysis and Psychodynamic Psychotherapies in Developing Societies. American journal of psychotherapy, 70(3), 329-342.

Shafti, S. S. (2016b). Practice of Psychotherapy by Biological Psychiatrists: An Achievable or Unachievable Expectation. Current Psychiatry Reviews, 12(3), 246-252.

Sternberg, R. J., & Davidson, J. E. (1996). Cambridge, MA; London: The MIT Press.

Trull, T. (2005).Clinical Psychology, 7th Edition. Belmont, CA. Thomson Wadsworth.


  • Non ci sono refbacks, per ora.

ISSN: 2035-4630, Open-acess, peer-reviewed Journal, Tribunale di Roma 142/09, 04/05/09 - dir. responsabile: G. Colajacomo

   Creative Commons - BY-NC-SA 4.0